using divs instead of tables

The two examples below demonstrate the two approaches. Let's cut right to the chase and reproduce the previous layout using actual tables, rows, and columns. A little different width and we get: This effect is the result of the inner right div's height forcing the inner-center text at the bottom to not be able to extend the full width of the center div. Since they are both floating to the left, they will display side by side if there’s enough space for both to fit. Hmmm, there's another article idea! Use Ctrl+Left/Right to switch messages, Ctrl+Up/Down to switch threads, Ctrl+Shift+Left/Right to switch pages. With divs, the developer must use the style attribute or an external style sheet, because the div tag doesn’t have any attributes attached to it. position:relative; – a detailed explanation over CSS’s position property will have to wait until another time. DIV tags are considered the standard method for creating web design layouts by most web designers due to the advantages the DIV tags bring over the TABLE tags. For now, let's just deal with the practical issues, otherwise known as WTF??? 8 years, 8 months ago. It's not "table" or "div". So you've created the perfect layout in your editor and then you run a minimizer which potentially removes the whitespace and carriage returns between your divs. 8 years, 8 months ago. I hope you at least had fun reading this and perhaps learned a thing or two. I have not been able to find anything about this. Even the div tag plays only a small part in a well laid out page. Using the DIV tag to display columns rather than tables. The number 206 comes from the left and right divs being 100 pixels each, plus 1 pixel for the borders for each div: 100 + 100 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 = 206. Note that we have to use an inner div for the child div. Messages: 43 Likes Received: 1 Best Answers: 0 Trophy Points: 43 #2. Transform traditional HTML Tables to Div Tables. Let's start with something basic -- two inline divs. Oh and yes my HTML always validates. css - for - using divs instead of tables CSS Hell simulating TABLE with DIV (6) Again, you should use a table. But first... That isn't what we want at all! I feel validated! Here's the HTML for a simple layout (note I'm using float): If we try to use inline-block with float, the center auto-margin is ignored. Can someone gives me some suggestions on how to write the header of this link using DIVs . Also, some of the wonky things like using the calc()function are not necessary with tables. < table >. Copy and convert any visual table document to Div tables with a simple click of a button. Here, the auto style and the col elements come into play. If we look to the World Wide Web Consortium(W3C) for guidelines on how to use HTML properly, the use of semantic mark-up is always strongly recommended. With div tags, you could end up with text too far away from your images. The following example illustrates the left and right columns having fixed widths and the center column being sized to fit between the two. What I've shown here is that you can use divs and tables for layout control equally well, though given that some of div layout requires having the div behave like a table and table cell tends to suggest that using tables is better than divs. That's not too much to ask for, is it? To get rid of that, we have to use the border-collapse style: As with divs, table columns have hidden spacing you may not be aware of. Often it seems that people are moving away from table hell only to wind up in div hell. I discovered vanseo design's blog post that solved this problem for me, so what you see here is just a regurgitation of their post. [Is there no search box for the forums or am I being stupid?] This is one of the main driving forces behind XHTML. Discussion created by Emily Frank on May 29, 2019 Latest reply on Jun 4, 2019 by Emily Frank. This is easily accomplished by specifying the CSS style for your elements, for example: You can then delete this CSS when you're happy with the layout. Comparing and contrasting UI layout using divs vs. tables, "Try?! An example of poo… However, things have changed and web pages are no longer designed through tables. My principle is to use the method which solves problem on the best way, not use only because of an ideology or because someone (e.g. So much for readable HTML. W3C) says it is cool. The result works nicely regardless of browser window width: Not ideal with this magic number, and compare this to the solution using tables. This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL), General    News    Suggestion    Question    Bug    Answer    Joke    Praise    Rant    Admin. Well formed semantic mark-up offers greater accessibility to users on various platforms (such as mobile devices) and allows for greater flexibility, scalability and performance of your Website and its pages. Create. Back in the 90’s, tables were used for layouts and everyone was happy. Let's compare that with using a float style instead. Less code equals smaller files which equals faster load times. Your HTML says what something is (e.g. on the far right the top right of the box isn't floating to the left where it should be? With div tags, you could end up with text too far away from your images. The syntax higlighting and the text indenter of the code editor let you preview the markup. So I should be using divs instead of tables for layouts? I agree DIVs are better solution for most cases, but TABLEs are better in case when you need same height for two or more adjacent columns which height depends of content. Given this HTML: We can resize the width of the browser window and we see: But wait! Try, Not! Tables work only when you want to create a web page. Does it load faster? We used the css below for our demo table you can see above. The 4 simple steps: Paste your table in the editor. Classic HTML tables don't require an additional stylesheet in order to display the grid layout but Div tags do. Over the last several years, developers have moved from table-based website structures to div-based structures. To achieve this: Requires treating the divs as table cells! And if there's a better way of doing things, please leave a comment! So for that reason we have used float:left;. stupidfly, Jul 29, 2006. This feature of the HTML Cleaner offers you a simple way to replace all table tags with div tags having the correct classes. What I've shown here is that you can use divs and tables for layout control equally well, though given that some of div layout requires having the div behave like a table and table cell tends to suggest that using tables is better than divs. Using div tags instead of tables in HTML emails can result in multiple design issues, including padding problems. The first has been built using table tags while the other is made with styled DIVs. a table, a paragraph, or a generic text division) CSS is just instructions for displaying it. So that's as far as I want to take this today. Then some CSS people mentioned that tables were only meant for tabular data and not layout and they started using DIVs for their layouts. Make sure the cleaning option Replace table tags with divs is enabled. This article demonstrates using div elements to effectively build websites without using table elements on a page. Houfton. Using divs instead of tables in Profiles layout. Also, some of the wonky things like using the calc() function are not necessary with tables. How to Use DIV and Span in HTML and CSS. The one on the left is a visual editor where you can compose the … Back in the 90’s, tables were used for layouts and everyone was happy. chrissp26 asked on 2004-06-08. Which basically means, always test your layout as minimized HTML rather than in a preview editor. The padding is the white space around your images and text. In the era of responsive web design the old trend of building websites using HTML tables can't be used anymore. Using DIVs instead of Table (HTML Pages with CSS and JavaScript forum at Coderanch) FAQs Because of the ability to use vertical centering in tables, it is a somewhat popular technique to use a single-celled table with both horizontal and vertical centering to absolutely center your page content in a browser window (mostly only useful for fixed-size content). 193 Views. Websites written using DIV/CSS are considered to be coded cleaner on the other hand improperly nested TABLEs can increase page size and weight. You can make adjustments to your new table with the two interactive instant source editors where you can edit the code easily. Using table-styled divs instead of tables. but I want to use DIV instead of TABLE: Layout with divs instead of table. Let's see how that's done using the overflow-y and height styles. The impetus for this is simply that I often struggle with figuring out the nuances of how to position elements in the UI so I get both the look and behavior that I want. I was referred here from stackoverflow as … All of the solutions are ugly. Participant. So both divs and tables are very much suited for this task. was the generally accepted way of doing this but using display:table, as shown in one To position the divs side by side, we are using the float property to float each .float-child element to the left. The only solution I found (after perusing SO) is to use the calc style: Since this calculation is so dependant on the number of divs in the "row", I decided to put this in as an actual style rather than as CSS. Using divs instead of tables in Profiles layout. As you see, both TABLEs and DIVs have its own advantages and disadvantages. The HTML: Looks pretty much the same, right? And of course, there's no preview editor that I know of that will minimize your HTML before feeding it to the browser. This is what we are aiming for, so you can see where we are headed: So we will go ahead and create a basic HTML5 pagelayout but define a few classes on the way. Scroll down to find the requred code at the bottom of this page and adjust it if it's necessary. We are going to create a ‘standard’ web page layout – with a header, a left side navigation, a content area and a footer. Columns are not squeezed under other columns as they are in a div-based structure. The cell padding is another available option. The CSS for this table uses a few special properties and a little clever formatting. 12 February 2008. Formerly, tables were extensively used for web designing. Re: Using DIV in Layout instead od Tables Dec 08, 2012 06:38 PM | KathyW | LINK I will add that tables are perfectly valid if the information you are presenting is, in fact, tabular data. Let's exaggerate this difference between inline-block and float, getting rid of my left margin and removing the editor's indentation: Oh wow. To deal with this, we need to clear the float elements on the left and right:. You can find many different alternatives to this approach online, but this basic approach will serve you well. Amazing how many of my peers think I am stuck in 1999 when I use a TABLE for layout. The padding is the white space around your images and text. Instead, the center div width, using inline-block, is determined by the content of the div. Riiiight. Myth 1. DIV/CSS allows designers to change the entire look and fill of the website by only … This means that code should be meaningful as well as syntactically correct. But wait! - Master Yoda, Last Visit: 31-Dec-99 19:00     Last Update: 28-Dec-20 11:08, Lesson 1 - Your Editor Is Messing With Your Head, Lesson 2 - Your Minimizer Will Mess With Your Head Too, Using the Article Editor (without losing your hair in handfuls), Workarounds for Code Project's Text Editor. But notice there's a slight spacing difference between the two divs: As it turns out, using inline-block respects any text between the divs, whereas float moves the text between the divs out to the right. I'm beginning to realize that it's a good idea to start a UI layout design with borders around everything so you can see exactly what's going on in the layout! Thanks for sharing this comprehensive, in-depth article on Web UI using CSS & HTML. { display: table-row-group} Within reason, of course! Using tables can make it slightly difficult to rearrange elements on a page. Find answers to Using instead of tables... from the expert community at Experts Exchange It doesn't even add the borders of the cells, it just aligns the elements correctly. Makes sense, right? Conversely, your text could be pressed up against your image or even superimposed on it. Hi, Yes, it does load faster, but that is not the main reason to go for tableless layout. Could anyone point out whats going wrong with the following page? Do developers know the reasons for moving to div-based structures, and do they know _how_ to? Last Modified: 2010-04-09. I was just going through some of this DIV vs TABLES stuff. You can choose the border in pixels, specify the width of the whole table in pixels or in percentage. Hey, that’s great. So that's as far as I want to take this today. Got that? Using this naming method makes it a lot easier to figure out what each level of the table is supposed to do. Pick up what works best for your particular need. Using this HTML: The problem here is that the we're specifying the width of the center region. Houfton. Using tables in design can cause you to have empty elements, and to use spacer images , which are transparent images used just to fill space. As we will be using DIVs instead of tables or frames, we need to ensure items ‘wrap’ properly around each other. For instance:

. Use Divs Instead of Tables on Home Page. The two top reasons for using Divs instead of Tables are 1) Divs fill whatever horizontal space is available and 2) they require less code. HTML (note I'm using the element CSS described above to set the border for the table, tr, th, and td elements): This resulting in the center column resizing as the browser width is increased / decreased while the left and right columns remain fixed width. Don't overuse it. So this works because we're creating divs that simulate table cells, which is a natural lead in to the next section, doing the same thing with tables. A few divs, knowing how to float and clear, can do the trick with a lot less markup than a table. @houfton. Using divs instead of tables. I haven't read everything yet, but it's been bookmarked and I'll definitely go back to it. It works fine if I change the parent div into a table. I have seen divs used in a premium plugin (buddydev’s cosmicbuddy). HTML; 14 Comments. Tables instead of DIVs (16) One other use I would have for it would be forms, particularly label : textbox pairs. { display :table} < tr >. This makes a kind of sense, as why would you have a scrollbar with content that is vertically centered or at the bottom? This makes it impossible to right-justify text against the left edge of the rightmost div. This adds to the feeling that using tables is safe. It can be used anywhere a , , ,