were kamikaze attacks effective

Sometimes twin-engined aircraft were used in planned kamikaze attacks. A Japanese plane plunging downwards during a Kamikaze attack . One of the Japanese's tactics later in the war was to create kamikaze pilots to attack warships. Top Answer. One man, in particular, is credited with inventing the tactic of Kamikaze attacks. Her gunners got nine kamikazes, but six others severely damaged the ship. Since attacks on American ships had already become suicidal, some Japanese commanders took the logical step of making suicide a deliberate part of the attack pattern. The Japanese built cheap planes with older engines for these missions. What were kamikazes and how effective were they? The Banzai Charge, and the later Kamikaze attacks, were founded on the principles of honor and loyalty based on dying honorably rather than surrendering. The most effective use of kamikazes was in the battle for Okinawa. About 19% of kamikaze attacks were successful. Kamikaze pilots were also responsible for the deaths of 3,000 American and British men. And for a while, it worked. I did some work for the UK MoD several years ago that showed that there were more killed per wounded in Kamikaze attacks, so the ratio of WIA:KIA changed significantly. Masafumi Arima Invented The Kamikaze Strategy. At least one of these pilots was a conscripted Korean with a Japanese name, adopted under the pre-war Soshi-kaimei ordinance that compelled Koreans to take Japanese personal names. Many of the Kamikaze pilots were inexperienced but highly devoted to the Empire. This photo shows a battle ship that is being attacked by a kamikaze. It was, effectively, a giant coffin with wings made for gliding to a target. As the 70th anniversary of the end of the second world war looms, two would-be suicide pilots described how they prepared to die for their emperor and country There was an estimated 3000-5000 kamikaze attacks during the battle of Okinawa alone, and 36 ships were sunk with 368 damaged by this tactic. Kamikaze attacks were actually not very effective and their effectiveness waned as the war waged on. 2011-08-26 01:56:19. In the battle of Okinawa, when most of the kamikaze pilots were going in, I think it was like 13 percent," Bill Gordon, who has been collecting data and stories on kamikaze on his site, "Kamikaze Images," since the early 2000s, says from a town near Nagoya, Japan. Kamikaze. See Answer. Shells would be purposely fired into the sea to form a "curtain of water" that could down a plane. 40% of the Americans killed were the result of kamikaze attacks. Up to 300 aircraft at a time dove at the Allied fleet. The idea behind it was that the aviation fuel and fires might have been largely responsible, which might indicate similar effects from the propellants of modern weapons, based on a very small sample in the Falklands campaign. Thus, the kamikaze attacks were cost-effective from every angle except the individual pilot's perspective - and that didn't count for anything in Imperial Japan. The threat was so great that U.S. carriers which had planned to attack Formosa on January 7 were retained to continue the attack at Luzon. They were effective, but they could have been much more effective if they had been put into action about 1 year earlier. They may make your life hell, but the troops on the troop ships can take your islands away. Asked by Wiki User. It was a desperate policy. Kamikaze pilots deliberately crashed specially made planes directly into enemy warships. The disastrous results of the Japanese suicide pilots’ attack were mostly kept from the American public during the war. Just the anticipation of kamikaze attacks drove some American sailors insane. LeMay also started using incendiaries and systematically started bombing virtually every city in Japan. … december 1, 2020; Uncategorized; 0 Reacties Kamikaze attack on the USS Yorktown. (Source: Smithsonian Channel) As the suicidal pilots reached their target, they began an attack that … Why were kamikaze missions so effective? Several defensive tactics were … how were kamikaze pilots trained. Just the anticipation of kamikaze attacks drove some American sailors insane. About 4000 Kamikaze planes managed in WW2 to sink or damage over 300 allied ships and kill or injure about 15000 sailors. "I guess it's what you compare it to. A 1945 newsreel with authentic footage of one of Japan's kamikaze attacks. The strong Japanese tradition of death instead of defeat, and its perceived shame, was deeply entrenched in Japanese culture. During the Battle of Okinawa the uses of Kamikaze attacks were prolific. According to the U.S. Air Force, nearly three thousand kamikaze attacks took place, managing to damage 368 ships, sinking 34 of them, while killing 4,900 navy soldiers and wounding another 4,800, but with only about 14% of attacking kamikaze pilots managing to hit a ship. kamikaze. Lo, was struck by a A6M Zero fighter and sunk in less than an hour, killing 100 Americans. The kamikaze pilots tended to attack the first thing they saw and under the enormous weight of allied anti-air fire and allied fighter attacks, is understandable. Kamikaze attack on the US battleship Missouri ‘. If the Americans valued lives over victory, and the Japanese were ready to die for their Emperor, then one radically new and astonishingly effective doctrine suddenly became available to Japan, the Kamikaze attack. Birth Of The Kamikaze Of World War II. Using less gas, they could carry a larger bomb load. Many pilots were trained to become kamikaze. Military leaders and politicians didn’t want the public and the enemy to know how effective the kamikaze pilots were. Pilots usually dropped their landing gear after takeoff so that it could be used by other planes. Fahey thought he was the first person to see a kamikaze attack in action — but he wasn't. How effective were Kamikaze attacks during ww2? Kamikaze attacks were a Japanese suicide bombing tactic designed to destroy enemy warships during World War II. Why Imperial Japan's Kamikaze Attacks Were Deadlier Than Any Missile . Kamikaze aircraft were essentially pilot-guided explosive missiles, purpose-built or converted from conventional aircraft.Pilots would attempt to crash their aircraft into enemy ships in what was called a "body attack" ( tai-atari) in planes loaded with bombs, or other explosives. 7 8 9. Japan's kamikaze attacks were its most brutal and most desperate measure against the American military of World War II. What I cant figure out is they went for carriers and other war ships. After Japan lost the Battle of Saipan in July 1944, it was decided drastic measures were to be implemented to defeat the Allied Powers. The most effective kamikaze attack would have to be the battle of Okinawa. The kamikazes were a desperate response to the increasingly effective antiaircraft and fighter defenses of U.S. task forces. Conventional tactics and methods were no longer effective. Entering a smoke stack was also said to be "effective". By the time he was attacked, the … You are correct Syscom3. One was called the Ohka, or "Baka bomb" by the Allies. For the light and fast machines, such as the Mitsubishi A6M5 Reisen and the dive bomber Suisei, which was actually intended for use by the no longer existing aircraft carriers, there were two tactics for the Kamikaze attack, which had proven to be particularly effective. Losses caused by kamikaze attacks did not significantly weaken Allied forces. Kamikaze attacks were most important at the Battle of Okinawa in spring 1945; during the three-month battle, 4000 kamikaze sorties sank 38 US ships and damaged 368 more, killing 4,900 sailors in the American 5th Fleet. Pilots would crash their specially made planes directly into Allied ships. Pilots did not have to be highly trained to undertake suicide missions. The Kamikaze attacks by the Japanese increased and were quite effective. When Curtis LeMay took over the XX1st Bomber Command he ordered the B-29s to go in at lower altitudes at night, and not in formation. The Allied troops were afraid of these kamikaze attacks because they could not defend themselves against them. Pilots were told not to aim at a ship's bridge tower or gun turret but instead to look for elevators or the flight deck to crash into. Up to 300 aircraft at a time dove at the Allied fleet. Thread starter Don Grey; Start date Mar 1, 2012; Prev. Go. The destroyers suffered as they were used for picket and radar duties so they were on the perimeter of the fleet and took a battering. Wiki User Answered . As on the similarly damaged U.S.S. The kamikaze attacks were successful at first. Tokyo realized that the old orthodoxy of mass air attack that worked so well at Pearl Harbor now was totally ineffective against superior equipment and tactics; it was … Expecting far more Kamikaze attacks once the main islands of Japan were invaded, the U.S. high command rethought its strategy and used atomic bombs to end the war … 1; 2; 3; First Prev 3 of 3 Go to page. Because they could take whole aircraft carriers. A Kamikaze operated plane takes off from the Japanese airstrip heading toward their American target. * American Navy accounts of the battle of Lingayen Gulf show that the kamikaze attacks were apparently more effective than the Japanese themselves realized. Not one but two cruisers were damaged, as well as an escort carrier and a destroyer. The targets were U.S. escort carriers; one, the St. Thousands of kamikaze attacks were used in the months following, and the Japanese started making aircraft specifically designed for that purpose. Mar 3, 2012 #41 docfl . The Allies, of course, soon figured out what was going on. Once they were armed and loaded, the flying fleet took off in waves heading toward their American targets. Kamikaze attacks were aircraft loaded with the arsenal to strike American ships. Lo. The destroyer Laffey was attacked by 20 planes at once. In total, kamikaze pilots were only able to sink 51 ships and just one of those was an aircraft carrier, which was the first major battleship to be sunk by a kamikaze attack, the USS St. As Allied forces made their final push toward Japan in April 1945, the U.S. Navy hospital ship joined the invasion force at the Battle of Okinawa. 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